Botanical Description of -Emblica officinalis
BOTONICAL NAME : Emblica officinalis
STRUCTURE: Small to medium in size tree(avg height 5.5 metres).
Bark:-light brown or black
Leaves:-10 to 13 mm long, 3 mm wide, closely set in pinnate fashion,give feathery appearance to branches.
Flowers:- Unisexual, pale green, 4 to 5 mm in length, borne in leaf-axils,occur in clusters of 6 to 10;
Fruits:-Fleshy, almost globose,depressed at poles, 2.15 cm. in diameter, 6 g in weight,color light green with light pink shade
Seeds:-Covered by hard shell, six-ribbed, splitting into three segments, each containing usually two seeds; seeds 4-5 mm long, 2 to 3 mm wi
HABITAT: The native of tropical South-Eastern Asia, particularly central and southern India. It is found in dry deciduous forests of India and Burma .It is also found in Ceylon and China.
PHARMACOLOGY: Rich source of vitamin C,The fruits are diuretic and laxative
CHEMICAL COMPOSITION : Contains phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and iron. Tannins and pectin. Also contains ascorbic acid
Ayurvedic Description of Amalaki -Emblica officinalis
SANSKRIT NAME : Amalaki,Dhatri
LOCAL NAMES(in India) :amla, aonla, onilika (Hindi), amla, amlaki (Bengali), amalkamu, uririkai (Telugu), nelli (Tamil), aavala (Marathi),amali, ambala (Gujarati),amalaki, bettadanellikai (kannada) amlaki, amluki (Assam)
Guna :- Guru,Ruksha,sheetha
Rasa :- Amla rasa pradhana(sour),
madhura rasa ,kashaya rasa,katu rasa,tikta rasa
KARMA (Action) :
Tridoshahara (Balances vitiated Tridoshas)
Daha prashamana (relieves burning sensation),
Chakshushya (good for eyes)
Keshya (Improves hair growth) Rasayana (Rejuvenates body systems),,
Research works by young scientists on Emblica Officinalis
Name: Kashifa Khanum
matter: Chemical composition / key active
constituents : Amla is highly nutritious and is an important dietary source of Vitamin C, minerals and amino acids. The edible fruit tissue contains protein concentration 3-fold and ascorbic acid concentration 160-fold compared to that of the apple. The fruit also contains considerably higher concentration of most minerals and amino acids than apples. Glutamic acid, proline, aspartic acid, alanine, and lysine are 29.6%, 14.6%, 8.1%, 5.4% and 5.3% respectively of the total amino acids. The pulpy portion of fruit, dried and freed from the nuts contains: gallic acid 1.32%, tannin, sugar 36.10%; gum 13.75%; albumin 13.08%; crude cellulose 17.08%; mineral matter 4.12% and moisture 3.83%. Amla fruit ash contains chromium, 2.5 ppm; zinc 4 ppm; and copper, 3 ppm.Key Active ConstituentsEmblicanin A&B, Puniglucanin, Pedunculagin, 2-keto-gluconolactone (Vitamin-C equivalents). Ellagic acid, Hexahydroxy-diphenic acid and conjugates.
Emblica officinalis is effective in the treatment of amlapitta [peptic ulcer]and in dyspepsia. The fruits exhibit hypolipiadaemic and antiatherosclerotic effects in rabbits & rats. The fruit extract has antimutagenic activity on certain directly acting mutagens in some strains of Salmonella typhimurium.The extract of amla also has antimicrobial properties. Amlaki is an antioxidant with free radical scavenging properties which may be due to the presence of high levels of super oxide dismutase.